Sunday, November 3, 2013

The four elements of HIPAA Privacy Rule that relate to required reporting laws

Assignment 10 Legal
Describe the four elements of the HIPAA Privacy Rule that relate to required reporting laws.
The first element includes both Abuse and Neglect of Children and Abuse and Neglect of the Elderly and Disabled.  Reporting abuse and neglect is routinely required by state laws and must be reported to local or county law enforcement or county children’s services.  Each state has its own child abuse and neglect statutes based on the federal law of Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1996 and amended by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003.
The second element is the Vital Records element.  Vital records concern birth, death, marriage, divorce, abortion, and fetal deaths.  The Model State Vital Statistics Act and Regulations provide uniform guidance to states to understand definitions, registration procedures, disclosure procedures, and processes related to states’ vital statistics functions. 
The third element is Communicable Diseases reporting.  A communicable disease is defined by state law.  States require reporting of “notifiable” communicable diseases through state laws for the purpose of tracking outbreaks and preventing spread of disease.  Lists of diseases can vary by state but, may include quarantine diseases outlined by the World Health Organization.  The Center for Disease Control (CDC) keeps a list of Notifiable Diseases classified by potential for endemic or epidemic spread and danger to public health.
The last element of required reporting includes Reportable Deaths.  State laws require certain deaths to be reported including: accidental, homicidal, suicidal, sudden, and suspicious in nature.  Usually these deaths are reported to the medical examiner or coroner.  Also, deaths resulting from abortion or induced termination of pregnancy are reportable. 
Brodnick:  Fundamentals of Law for Health Informatics and Information Management

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